Great article on the signs and symptoms- enjoy and share!

Although some people who have a urinary tract infection (UTI) do not have any symptoms, most will experience some level of discomfort. It is important that a caregiver be aware of the signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections as their relative, or patient, might be unable to tell them of their discomfort.
Urinary tract infections are common in :

  • Older people
  • In people who require total nursing care
  • In people who are catheterized or who use continence aids
  • In people whose immune system is compromised

Urinary tract infection in the elderly or in people with Alzheimer’s can profoundly affect not only their health but can have a dramatic effect on behavior such as increasing confusion and/or aggression.

Signs Symptoms of Urinary Tract infection

  • The urine will look cloudy or milky. If blood is present then the color will be reddish color
  • Urine can often smell offensive
  • Nausea and even vomiting may occur in kidney infections
  • Frequent urge to urinate but often the amount of urine passed is small
  • Fatigue. You will notice that the person with Alzheimer’s may be less willing to carry out tasks or be more reluctant to eat or exercise
  • Fever (this may mean that the infection has moved into the kidney)
  • Painful, burning sensations in the area of the bladder or urethra, during urination. The person with Alzheimer’s may cry out or show distress when urinating
  • Back pain. Someone with Alzheimer’s may clutch or rub their back
  • Sudden changes in behavior can be caused by infections such as UTI. I found increased confusion or distress much more noticeable .

Diagnosing a Urinary Tract infection UTI
Inform his or her doctor of any signs or symptoms of a urine infection. Your doctor will send a sample of urine to test for the type of bacteria present. The lab will then test to see which antibiotic is best at destroying the bacteria. Infections causing similar symptoms such as Chlamydia and Mycoplasma have to be sampled separately with a special bacterial culture.

Further tests such as an IVP (Intravenous pyelogram), ultrasound, or cystoscopy may be required to detect the cause of urinary infections especially is they recur or do not respond to the medication your doctor gives you.